Shoes and boots made of noble natural materials are very popular. Soft fleece models need proper care. The issues relevant to their owners are: how to clean suede shoes, what tools and tools will be needed for this. Neglect of preventive care, improper removal of dirt can quickly render even a quality product unusable.
Suede Shoes Material Features
Natural suede is made from the skins of sheep, wild goats or deer by fat or formaldehyde-fat tanning. The main features of the material: softness, velvety surface, resistance to high temperature indicators. Suede products look presentable, expensive and sophisticated. Stylish shoes, boots, shoes allow you to make interesting images, while ensuring maximum comfort to the foot. As for longevity, high-quality suede shoes can last more than 10 years with proper use and proper home care. To improve the properties of the material, special sprays, impregnations that protect against water, dyes and reducing agents are used.
The main disadvantages of suede are the demand for care, sensitivity to moisture. It is better to save refined suede shoes for dry weather. Moisture can deform them, make the surface stiff, ruin the color.
Basic rules for clean suede shoes
Immediately after the acquisition, suede shoes are cleaned with a special brush and treated with a water-repellent spray. This will help preserve the color of products, facilitate cleaning, and extend the life of the product. Caring for suede requires following simple basic rules:
- Do not soak, wash the product under the pressure of water, apply solutions with a liquid base. Machine wash can permanently damage the material. Optimum dry cleaning, as well as minimal point wetting with a damp sponge.
- Spray and any other contaminants are removed only after the shoes are completely dry. Otherwise, the substance will penetrate deeper into the material and form a stain, which will be very difficult to remove.
- The fleecy surface is easily painted, therefore, for dark and light shoes, separate tools should be purchased.
- The material requires preventative care. It is necessary to regularly process with special means and clean the pile.
Keep suede boots, shoes and boots in a place protected from direct sunlight.
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Professional tools for removing dirt from suede are sold in shoe stores. They can be safely entrusted with taking care of the soft pile. For proper care, brushes, erasers, mesh sponges are useful. Modern brushes are equipped with denticles made of rubber, rubber, crepe or soft metal. All of them are designed for neat “combing” of the villi, without harm to the surface. Processing is carried out by careful movements, against pile. The most practical and functional bilateral devices, complemented by a variety of grooves. On the one hand there are metal bristles, on the other – a rubberized or rubber surface.
Shoes can be cleaned with an eraser, but it must be used against the location of the pile to raise and remove dirt. Otherwise, the dirt only absorbs deeper. For care, new rubber bands of white color are suitable. Dust and wool are removed by adhesive rollers for clothes.
A special brush can be replaced by a toothbrush that has been better used, since it will acquire sufficient softness.
Cleaning methods taking into account pollution
The material is rather capricious and demanding to care, needs a careful attitude. Before you clean your suede shoes, you need to evaluate the amount and type of contamination. It is also important to consider the color of the product.
Dust and dirt
Natural suede should be cleaned after each exit, since dust microparticles settle on the surface. With regular removal of minor fresh contaminants, you will not have to take drastic measures; dry cleaning is quite suitable.
A brush with hard teeth will help get rid of dust and dirt. The problem area is wiped only in one direction until it is completely cleaned. Movements must be neat and gentle.
The most effective way against stubborn pollution is steam treatment. Before cleaning dusty suede, you need to properly prepare it. On the surface you need to walk with a brush or sponge moistened with soapy water. Steam processing of suede shoes at home is carried out in accordance with step-by-step instructions:
- Water is drawn into the kettle. It will take a lot of steam, so the tank is full.
- The liquid is brought to a boil.
- Under a stream of steam leaving the spout, the product is substituted with the sole upward and gradually moving until it is fully processed.
- After steaming, the surface of the shoe made of suede is intensively cleaned with the hard side of the brush, always in the same direction.
- When all impurities are removed, the shoes are dried naturally.
When cleaning shoes with steamcaution. Gloves are worn on hands to protect against burns. Processing is quick – too much moisture in combination with high temperature can lead to deformation of the product.
To remove complex stubborn contaminants, a solution prepared from 100 g of milk, half a teaspoon of soda and ammonia is used. The components are thoroughly mixed and rubbed into the stain with a cotton pad or soft sponge. Rinse off the composition with a slightly damp sponge, repeatedly rinsing it and squeezing it well.
You can clear dark suede with diluted ammonia in a concentration of 1: 4 with water. A cotton pad is soaked in the composition, slightly wrung out and applied to the stain. After drying, the pile is brushed.
Gasoline is suitable for removing greasy stains. It is applied in a thin layer, sprinkled with talcum powder on top and left for an hour. Then the surface is treated with a stiff brush.
Stubborn stains are well removed by fine-grained sandpaper. Only the place of contamination should be treated; this must be done without any special effort. Before you clean suede shoes at home with a skin, you need to check to see if it leaves dark streaks.
What to do if suede is stuck
Starch is used to restore the original appearance of the sagging surface. They are sprinkled with problem areas, and after 30 minutes, the remains are removed with a fleecy brush. In the presence of severe scuffs, you can mix starch with ammonia to the consistency of liquid slurry and gently rub the product into damaged areas.
If there are a lot of overgrown areas on the shoe, steaming will help. Strong moisture must not be allowed; the brush can only be used after the boots have completely dried. The procedure helps to restore the structure of the pile, refreshes the color.
You can thoroughly clean suede shoes at home with a soda-milk solution. It must be rubbed into the patchy areas, then rinse with a damp sponge. The product is not used for dark products, as it leads to the appearance of whitish spots.
Wash suede shoes at home is prohibited. Even if the area of contamination is large, dry cleaning and surface treatment of the material with liquid solutions are used, without wetting the base.
The nuances of clean suede shoes
Light suede boots get dirty much faster than dark models and require more frequent and gentle cleaning. The surface is easily painted, therefore it is recommended to use colorless products. The rule applies to tools: sponges, brushes, rags, sponges.
A safe way to remove stains from white shoes is a milk solution. In a glass of slightly warmed milk, add 1 teaspoon of baking soda and a few drops of hydrogen peroxide. The solution is applied to the spots with a sponge or sponge. Before you clean your boots from stains in this way, you need to make sure that the composition does not leave stains. An hour before the main cleaning, you need to wipe it with a small area on the inside.
No less effective is a mixture of hydrogen peroxide with water in a ratio of 1: 5. The contaminated area is treated with such a solution, if necessary, the procedure is repeated several times. Residual liquids are removed with a sponge. After drying, the suede shoes are cleaned with a stiff brush.
The following method is used to update color and remove gray deposits. Dried particles of dirt are removed with a brush, then the surface is wiped with a clean white eraser (not colored), sprinkled with chalk or talc. It needs to be driven into the surface with neat clapping movements. When the powder darkens, peel it off and add a new one. Repeat the procedure until the stain is completely removed.
The best ready-made tools
For clean suede shoes at home, special tools have been developed. They will not damage the material, will help remove contaminants of various origins. The list of the best compositions included:
- Salton Expert Antisalt. Eliminates stains that remain due to exposure to reagents, the tool is ideal for residents of large cities. It has a pungent odor, so treatment should be carried out in a well-ventilated area.
- Aerosol Dividic. It helps not only to clean suede shoes from dirt, but also to refresh the color, restore the structure.
- Salton foam cleaner. Universal remedy for proper care. Evenly applied to the surface, does not require rinsing.
- Renovateur Restorative Balm. Used to renew color and gentle cleansing. It is enough to apply a small amount on the surface and gently rub.
- Salamander Professional Combi Cleaner The innovative formula with lime oil delicately affects whimsical material, removing spots, stains, traces of water.
- Silver Premium 3 in 1 Spray Reducer. Designed for stable uniform staining and protection of the material from stains, pollution.
The use of high-quality suede shoe polish provides not only reliable removal of dirt, but also gentle care. As a result, the material is not exposed to the aggressive effects of negative external factors; it retains a presentable appearance for a long time.
To extend the service life of suede products, it is necessary to ensure proper regular care. Before the first exit on the street, shoes are treated with a water-repellent spray. The product creates an invisible film on the surface that protects against abrasive microparticles and the negative effects of external factors.
Before the first and each subsequent spraying of the composition, clean suede shoes. To do this, use a soft cloth or brush. Spray aerosol on a raised pile. After processing, the products are placed for 10 hours in a well-ventilated room for drying. With frequent use, the procedure should be repeated weekly.
After each return from shoes, it is necessary to wash collected dust particles with a soft flannel cloth or a special brush. Even with proper care, the color may fade over time. It is easy to recover using special aerosol dyes for suede. In order for the shade to perfectly match the original color, it is recommended to buy the product at the same time as shoes.